Hyperpigmentation, or melasma are the dark area and brown spots on the skin which is caused by excess production of melanin. The best way to stop hyperpigmentation if you are getting too much of sun is to use sun protection daily with SPF factor of 15 or higher. Buy sunscreen with broad spectrum that provides protection against both UVA and UVB rays.
You should also wear wide brimmed hat. When hyperpigmented area of the skin gets exposed to UV light, it triggers more melanin production on a cellular level which causes further darkening of skin. Ironically this is skin protection mechanism that your body triggers to protect itself from the damaging affect of UV light. Daily application of sunscreen will shield your skin from harmful UV light and thereby control the production of melanin at a cellular level. Some sunscreen also helps to lessen up the appearance of hyperpigmentation that might have triggered due to hormonal fluctuation like during pregnancy time.
UV rays adversely affect human skins and influences functions critical for survival of many cell types. UV rays are also considered as one of the major causative factor in induction of skin cancer. Healthy skin cells produce correct amount of melanin to maintain pigmentation which helps skin protect against UV rays. However in the case of hyperpigmentation, which is pigmentation disorder, skin becomes darker. It happens when skin cells become unhealthy or damaged. Hyperpigmentation can develop on any part of your body, on your face or your entire body. Though it is not a serious medical problem, it should still be avoided.
How to protect yourself from hyperpigmentation?
1. You can protect your skin using sun protection factor (SPF) of approximately 30. You should wear SPF daily irrespective of climatic conditions or season like cloudy day. SPF contains ingredients like titanium dioxide which is effective in preventing UV rays from penetrating your skin.
2. Wear hat which can protect you from sun whenever you go out. It is an effective measure to protect your face, ears and neck from sun.
3. Avoid yourself from coming in direct contact with sun during hours between 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sun is typically the brightest around this time.
4. If wearing some heavy metals causes you dark spots on your skin, avoid wearing them.
5. If you are about to start a medication, consult your doctor and ask if it can cause hyperpigmentation and what precaution you can take to prevent them.
The most common treatment of hyperpigmentation includes prescription creams and the medications sold over the counter which may contain hydroquinone. Many creams also contain bleaches which are used to lighten up the dark patches. If the medication you are taking contains hydroquinone, take it cautiously since it may also cause pigmentation. Sometimes using hydroquinone may lead to development of bluish black hyperpigmentation on your face, especially on top of your ears. However this may occur only after a prolonged use of hydroquinone over several years.
Another tried and tested treatment is called Illuminatural 6i. This herbal product is often classed as a skin lightener and it very good.Skin lightening is what we want for hyperpigmentation. You can read more about it here www.illuminatural6ireview.org/best-hyperpigmentation-treatment.
Whatever path you chose, we wish you good luck.