What Causes Skin Pigmentation

Some people have dark patches around the skin or have some areas of the skin which are darker than the rest of their skin. This condition is known as skin hyperpigmentation and can be caused by many factors. There are skin cells that produce melanin called melanocytes. It is melanin that determines the skin color. When there are normal levels of melanin in the body, the skin color is even throughout the skin. But when melanin is overproduced, it causes skin pigmentation in both children and adults. Here are the major causes of this skin condition.

Overexposure to the sun

One of the major causes of skin pigmentation is excessive exposure to the sunlight. When the melanocytes detect ultraviolet rays from the sun, they stimulate the production of melanin in order protect the skin from these harmful rays. This increases the levels of melanin in the body which leads to tanning, thereby causing hyperpigmentation and peeling of the skin. It also leads to the formation of age spots, liver spots or dark spots.

Hormone Imbalance

The other major reason behind skin pigmentation is hormone imbalance. An imbalance or change in the levels of hormones can result in the appearance of melasma or chloasma. Typically, these are dark spots that spread over a larger skin area. There are many conditions which can lead to these hormonal changes. The most common one is pregnancy which leads to a dramatic change in hormonal levels. Apart from that, slow metabolism, irregular menstruation and menopause could also cause changes in hormonal levels, resulting in hyperpigmentation.

Skin Disorders and Other Conditions

There are many skin disorders, conditions and problems which can all result in hyperpigmentation. Problems, such as eczema, acne and other related skin conditions, can lead to skin inflammation, leaving behind dark spots. Apart from that, bruises and cuts can damage the skin, and leave behind ugly scars that are of a different color from the rest of the body. Moreover, several deficiencies, gastrointestinal conditions and other diseases may also lead to this condition.


Some forms of medication, like birth control pills, often cause dark patches on the skin. In such cases, it is advisable to discontinue the use of those pills.

Skin pigmentation can be caused by many factors, as shown above. It is important to understand the causes of this condition so that you can try to prevent it. But if the condition persists, then you can always go for viable treatments and solutions.

Water The Liquid of Life Never Go Without Water.

Water is essential to prevent dehydration, not only in the form of thirst, but on a much deeper cellular level. Water acts likes a lubricant for all bodily functions and helps cleanse the body of waste products and toxins. This fantastic liquid of life also plumps out wrinkles!

The amount of water you need to drink each day will depend on your lifestyle, the climate and your body weight. To calculate your average daily need, divide your body weight in kilograms by 30.

This will give you how many liters you need to drink e.g. If you weigh 60kg, you should be drinking 2 liters of water per day more if you exercise or live in a hot climate.

Remember, water is not fizzy drink, coffee, tea, cordial or juice. Water is Water! Drinking a cup of coffee has a negative effect on your fluid intake, as does tea, juice and fizzy, sugary drinks.

For example, if you drink 6 cups of water per day, plus 3 cups of coffee and 3 cups of fizzy drink your fluid intake will be the equivalent of drinking no water at all, so be careful not to undo all your good work by drinking fluids that will dehydrate you.

If you are having difficulties committing to drinking water try the following tips:

  • Keep a glass of water on your desk at work, drink from it regularly. As soon as its empty, fill it up and continue like this for the whole day.

  • Wear a watch with a timer and set the alarm for every hour. Each hour drink 1 glass of water. During an 8 hour day, you will have reached your goal of drinking 2 liters. Stop drinking at 7pm to avoid being on the toilet all night.

  • Carry bottled water with you everywhere you go. When youre thirsty, drink your water first, before you reach for another type of drink. (coffee, juice, soft drink etc)

  • Consequently, the human body responds by retaining more sodium in the bloodstream in order to match up with the water levels as closely as possible.

If this should go on for too long, the body’s electrolyte and fluid levels (including potassium, sodium, calcium, etc.) could badly fall out of balance, which will bring about major health issues.

You should begin each day with one or two glasses of warm water. Doing this will help to wake up your digestive track, flush it out and prepare your body for the rest of your daily activities.

It also quite imperative that you get plenty of water between meals and not during them.

You should not drink water at a meal, as it is not meant to be washed down. Eat your food at a leisurely pace, so that your saliva is given an ample amount of time to blend with the food in your mouth.

As you drink more fluids at a meal, the food will become harder to process in the digestion phase since it needs to be fully absorbed. There are a lot of people who mistakenly drink cold water at meal time.

When you drink water with a meal, it weakens your salivary glands’ ability to break down the food, and colder water heightens the risk of damage to your stomach.

Alcohol, soft drinks, iced water and lemonade all inhibit the digestion process until the body has passed on enough heat to the stomach, so that it can recommence its ordinary functions.

Currently, it is additionally recognized that the enzymes required for the digestion process are only capable of full function at the regular body temperature.

The body’s enzymes will lose their ability to operate correctly if the body temperature becomes either overheated or too cool, thus resulting in the inhibition of the digestion process.

Try drinking one glass of warm water from thirty minutes to an hour prior to a meal in order to get optimal effects. This will enable you to slake your thirst and ultimately have the water leave your stomach before you engage in your next meal.

Next, wrap your day up by drinking one or two glasses of water before going to bed.

Doing this will quench your everyday need for water – so that you are finally able to begin feeling healthier and more prepared for the days that lie ahead now Please Visit Simple Health Exercises.com For More Well-Being Information – http://www.simplehealthexercises.com/

How Carbon Mopping Could Solve Climate Crisis

What would happen if the entire world switched to solar energy and other clean sources of energy? Would it be too late to reverse the effects of climate change that we are experiencing today? Scientists have confirmed that carbon dioxide levels are already at alarming levels. If the world doesn’t switch to cleaner sources of energy, CO2 levels will rise to alarming and toxic levels within a matter of years.

Although carbon dioxide levels are almost at toxic levels, climatologists say it isn’t too late to change the trend and work on ways of reducing carbon emissions.  Climatologists and researchers are however working day and night to develop technologies that could help cut greenhouse gas emissions, and better still, reverse the effects of CO2 to pre-industrial levels. The good news about these developments is that, this project is affordable and not as expensive as we would have to pay for if we go on with the present course.  Better still, the scientists behind these developments say that, we may not have to eliminate the use of fossil fuels to reach the Promised Land.

Although there already is a technology that helps scrub carbon dioxide from power plant smokestacks and other stationary sources, very few people use it as it is presumed expensive. It is estimated that, 41% of all carbon dioxide emissions come from stationary plants while the remaining 59% is motorcars and planes among other mobile sources.  Allen Write and Dr. Klaus Lackner are however working on a project that will make it possible to capture vehicular carbon emissions from the air. This project dubbed carbon capture is underway, which should also help reduce tree removal services.

Carbon Capture Units

According to Lackner, these carbon capture units will have an approximate size of a car and will cost the same as producing the same. It is also estimated that, one unit will be capable of collecting approximately 1 ton of carbon from the atmosphere.  This is the equivalent of carbon dioxide produced by 36 motorcars. Should 10 million of these artificial trees be installed around the world, it will then be possible to sop up 12% of carbon footprint from the atmosphere annually.

There is also another controversial technology aimed at cooling the earth. Geo-engineers suggest that, if sulfur dioxide (in vast amounts) is injected into the stratosphere, it would deflect solar radiation thus cooling the earth. Nonetheless, carbon capture is all about cleaning up the excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Although this project may not be too technical, producing enough of these artificial trees could have a major economic dent.  If this project was to be implemented and successful, then all the nations would have to come together to fund the same.

Funding Obstacles

Any means of funding the project have been the biggest obstacle for these engineers.  For the carbon capture project to be a success, then the government would have to find a means of funding it. In addition to this, envisions would have to be made to regulate energy companies on how they extract and use fossil fuels.

The best thing about this approach is that, it makes green technologies practical as carbon capture, wind and solar would operate at the lowest cost possible.  In addition to this, this project would make the world a better place to live for generations, and would pave way for more research and development of the same to make energy production cheap and proficient.